April 24, 2023

Chlorogenic Acid and Caffeine in Coffee Restore Insulin Signaling in Pancreatic Beta Cells

Y Ihara et al, 2023. Chlorogenic Acid and Caffeine in Coffee Restore Insulin Signaling in Pancreatic Beta Cells, Kobe Journal of Medical Science, Volume 69 (1).


The incidence of type 2 diabetes is reported to be lower in frequent coffee drinkers than in non-coffee drinkers. To elucidate the mechanism by which coffee prevents the onset of type 2 diabetes, we analyzed how caffeine and chlorogenic acid, which are components of coffee, alter insulin signaling in MIN6 cells, a mouse pancreatic Β cell line. The results showed that caffeine improved insulin signaling under endoplasmic reticulum stress, and chlorogenic acid protected pancreatic Β cells by enhancing the expression of insulin receptor substrate 2 via cAMP response element-binding protein and promoting insulin signaling downstream of insulin receptor substrate 2. In addition, chlorogenic acid was a potent antioxidant for the protection of pancreatic Β cells. Furthermore, in vivo and in vitro analyses revealed that the pancreatic Β cell-protective effect of chlorogenic acid was mediated by the alleviation of endoplasmic reticulum stress. The results suggest that these components of coffee have the potential to reduce the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and improve pancreatic Β cell insufficiency.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.