April 11, 2022
J Grzelczyk et al, 2022. Evaluation of the thermal stability of bioactive compounds in coffee beans and their fractions modified in the roasting process, Food Chemistry, published online.
Coffee is used as flavor or health-promoting additive in thermally processed food. In this study, ground coffee and freeze-dried coffee extracts were evaluated in terms of their thermal stabilities, and for the first time heat resistance of fractions (mono-, dichlorogenic acids and caffeine) with different roasting levels was evaluated. It observed that the degradation of green coffee bean ingredients began at 150 °C, and for the re-heated light and dark roasted, in the range of 171-188 °C. The lyophilized extracts were more stable and their degradation began around 160 °C. However, with the re-treatment (cooking, baking, frying) of the coffee extract fractions, the degradation of the monochlorogenic acids commenced at 114 °C, while for dichlorogenics at 108 °C and caffeine at 146 °C. Monochlorogenic acids in Robusta coffee showed high antioxidant activity (55-70%) and the highest content of fiber (13-17%). Coffee could be used to fortify food.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.