November 23, 2021

Role of diet in hyperuricemia and gout

A Danve et al, 2021. Role of diet in hyperuricemia and gout, Best Practice Research Clinical Rheumatol, published online.

Background: Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis, affecting 41 million adults worldwide. The global burden of gout has been increasing over the last three decades, yet its management remains suboptimal. The primary aim of this manuscript is to review the impact of various diets such as the DASH, Mediterranean, and low purine diets; weight loss; and individual foods, including alcohol, caffeine, cherry, dairy, high-fructose corn syrup, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin C on hyperuricemia and clinical gout outcomes such as flares and tophi.

Conclusion: Few studies to date have specifically evaluated the effect of various dietary approaches on hyperuricemia among people with gout and on gout-specific outcomes. Overall, the dietary factors appear to have a small effect on serum urate levels, and their impact on the long-term clinical course of gout is uncertain. Limited evidence suggests that avoidance of certain foods and beverages may decrease the frequency of gout flares. Weight loss may be beneficial for prevention as well as treatment of gout. Urate-lowering therapy remains the mainstay of therapy, with diet and dietary factors studied to date playing a limited role in the definitive management of gout.

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