June 6, 2018
L A Beyera & M L Hixona, 2018. Review of animal studies on the cardiovascular effects of caffeine. Food and Chemical Toxicology, published online.
To address the safety of caffeine levels in energy drinks, we previously conducted a detailed evaluation of epidemiology studies in humans consuming coffee/caffeine, in which we assessed multiple health effects (unpublished). To further evaluate the effects of caffeine on the cardiovascular system, we turned to animal studies, which often use pure caffeine (not coffee), frequently at higher doses than those typical of human exposure. We identified key scientific studies and reviews in which effects of coffee or caffeine were evaluated in animals by conducting a comprehensive PubMed literature search and analyzing the results. We found that the human equivalent dose (HED) for the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for cardiovascular effects was 260 mg caffeine (2-3 cups of coffee) for a single dose of caffeine for a 70-kg adult, while the lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL) was 770 mg (7-8 cups of coffee) for a 70-kg adult. Overall, the doses associated with possible adverse cardiovascular effects were more than either the amount of caffeine consumed over a 24-hour period in two regular energy shots (400 mg/day) or the amount in two extra strength energy shots (460 mg/day).
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.