July 26, 2015

Decision-making style, nicotine and caffeine use and dependence

James G Phillips & Rowan P Ogeil, 2015, Decision-making style, nicotine and caffeine use and dependence, Human Psychopharmacology Clinical and Experimental, published online ahead of print.


RATIONALE: As therapeutic interventions are being developed utilising telehealth and mobile phones, it is important to understand how substance-dependent individuals will respond to offers of online assistance.

OBJECTIVES: The present paper considered the following: (1) how decision-making style is associated with use and dependence upon commonly used stimulants and (2) how it influences behavioural responses to electronic offers of further information about these drugs.

METHOD: An online survey examined patterns of nicotine and caffeine use, administered Severity of Dependence Scales for caffeine and nicotine and assessed decision-making style using the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire and mood using the Kessler Distress Scale. Upon completing these scales, the 181 participants with a mean age of 28.14 years were offered further information online.

RESULTS: Stimulant dependence was associated with psychological distress. Caffeine dependence was linked to hypervigilance (panic). Decisional self-esteem varied with stimulant dependence and Kessler Distress Scale score. Participants with high decisional self-esteem declined electronic offers of further information.

CONCLUSION: Confidence rather than defensive avoidance was a factor in reducing information-seeking behaviours on the Internet.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.