August 23, 2016

The effect of caffeine on arousal, response time, accuracy, and performance in Division I collegiate fencers

T P Doyle et al, 2016, The effect of caffeine on arousal, response time, accuracy, and performance in Division I collegiate fencers, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, published online ahead of print.

Caffeine has displayed ergogenic effects on aerobic performance. However, sports requiring precision and quick reaction may also be impacted by CNS arousal due to caffeine consumption. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of caffeine on arousal, response time (RT), and accuracy during a simulated fencing practice. Using a randomized, within-subjects, placebo-controlled, double-blind design, Division I male and female college fencers (N = 13; 69.1 + 3.5 kg) were administered caffeine doses of 0, 1.5, 3.0, 4.5, 6.0, or 7.5 mg⋅kg during separate testing days. Performance was assessed via RT and accuracy to a 4-choice reaction task. A total of 25 trials were performed each day utilizing a random 2-8s delay between trials. Arousal was assessed using the AD-ACL. Results of RM MANOVA revealed a significant dose effect (p=.02) on performance. Follow-up analyses indicated this was due to a significant effect for RT (p=.03), with the dose-response curve exhibiting a quadratic relationship. RT was significantly faster (p<.01) for the 1.5, 3.0, and 6.0 mg⋅kg conditions compared to the placebo condition. Results also indicated a significant dose effect for composite RT+accuracy performance (p<.01). The dose-response curve was again quadratic, with performance beginning to deteriorate at 7.5 mg⋅kg. Energetic arousal, tiredness, tension, and calmness all significantly changed as a function of caffeine dose (p<.05). Based on these results, caffeine improves RT and overall performance in fencers, particularly as doses increase up to 4.5-6.0 mg⋅kg-1. Above this level, performance begins to deteriorate, consistent with an “Inverted-U” model of arousal and performance.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.