May 6, 2020

Energy drinks: a narrative review of their physiological and pathological effects

A Piccioni et al, 2020. Energy drinks: a narrative review of their physiological and pathological effects, Intern Med J, published online.


Background: The consumption of Energy Drinks (Edks), has increased significantly in the last years, with a growing market that is estimated to reach $61 billion by 2021 worldwide. Several studies demonstrated the physiological and pathological effects of these substances contained in Edks. The most common ingredient contained in Edks is caffeine, which is commonly mixed with taurine, and B-group vitamins. Scientific evidence of potentially serious adverse health effects are known, but it would be better to acquire more information regarding these beverages.

Methods: We systematically checked Medical literature on MEDLINE-Pubmed from inception to January 2020 to find studies and reports on Edks and adverse events.

Results: Edks consumption is specially related to cardiovascular effects as malignant arrhythmias. We found a significant focus on arrhythmogenic risk in patients affected by Long QT syndrome or other predisposing conditions for QT elongation. Other pathological effects are known as gastrointestinal, vascular and neurological disorders.

Conclusions: Energy drinks, as well as all caffeinated beverages, should be taken with caution or avoided in selected populations such as patients suffering from cardiovascular or neurological illnesses their use can unmask a sleepy life-threatening disease. 

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.