February 8, 2022

Acute Effects of Coffee on Peripapillary and Subfoveal Choroidal Parameters in Young Healthy Subjects

N Kocak et al, 2022. Acute Effects of Coffee on Peripapillary and Subfoveal Choroidal Parameters in Young Healthy Subjects, European Journal of Ophthalmol, published online.


Purpose: To evaluate the acute effects of coffee on peripapillary and subfoveal choroidal structures using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).

Materials and methods: A total of 28 healthy individuals (study group) and 28 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The peripapillary and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) was measured at baseline, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h, following coffee (75 mg caffeine/200 ml) intake in the study group and the same amount of water in the control group. Choroidal images were binarized to the luminal area (LA), stromal area (SA), and total choroidal area (TCA) using ImageJ software. Similar to the CT, the peripapillary and subfoveal choroidal vascularity indices (CVIs) were calculated at the same time points in both groups.

Results: CT and CVI measurements of four peripapillary quadrants displayed no significant difference at baseline and all-time points in both groups (p > 0.05). In the study group, SFCT was found to be significantly lower (at 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h) than the baseline measurement (p < 0.05). Additionally, subfoveal LA, TCA, and CVI decreased in all-time points compared with baseline measurements (p < 0.05, for all). This was not true for the subfoveal SA (p > 0.05). No significant difference was found between the respective SFCT and subfoveal CVI measurements in the control group (p > 0.05, for all).

Conclusion: Our study revealed that peripapillary choroidal thickness and CVI did not change following a cup of coffee intake, while subfoveal CT, LA, TCA, and CVI significantly decreased for at least 4 h.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.