September 16, 2014

Coffee for morning hunger pangs: an examination of coffee and caffeine on appetite, gastric emptying, and energy intake

M M Schubert et al, 2014, Coffee for morning hunger pangs: an examination of coffee and caffeine on appetite, gastric emptying, and energy intake, Appetite, published online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world and has a number of potential health benefits. Coffee may influence energy expenditure and energy intake, which in turn may affect body weight. However, the influence of coffee and its constituents – particularly caffeine and chlorogenic acids – on appetite remains largely unexplored.

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the impact of coffee consumption (with and without caffeine) on appetite sensations, energy intake, gastric emptying, and plasma glucose between breakfast and lunch meals.

METHODS: This study utilised a double-blind, randomised crossover design. Participants (n = 12, 9 women; Mean±SD age and BMI: 26.3 ± 6.3 y and 22.7 ± 2.2 kg•m-2) completed 4 trials: placebo (PLA), decaffeinated coffee (DECAF), caffeine (CAF), and caffeine with decaffeinated coffee (COF). Participants were given a standardised breakfast labelled with 13C-octanoic acid and 225 mL of treatment beverage and a capsule containing either caffeine or placebo. 2 h later, another 225 mL of the treatment beverage and capsule was administered. 4.5 h after breakfast, participants were given access to an ad libitum meal for determination of energy intake. Between meals, participants provided exhaled breath samples for determination of gastric emptying every 15 min; venous blood (for examination of glucose) and appetite sensations (via visual analogue scales) were collected every hour.

RESULTS: Energy intake was not significantly different between the trials (Means ± SD, p > 0.05; Placebo: 2118 ± 663 kJ; Decaf: 2128 ± 739 kJ; Caffeine: 2287 ± 649 kJ; Coffee: 2016 ± 750 kJ); Other than main effects of time (p < 0.05), no significant differences were detected for appetite sensations or plasma glucose between treatments (p > 0.05). Gastric emptying was not significantly different across trials (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Utilising an ecologically valid design, no significant effects of decaffeinated coffee, caffeine or their combination were detected on gastric emptying, appetite sensations, glucose, and energy intake. However, the consumption of caffeine and/or coffee for regulation of energy balance over longer periods of time warrant further investigation.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.