June 18, 2020
S Kalthoff et al, 2020. The coffee ingredients caffeic acid (CA) and caffeic acid phenylethyl ester (CAPE) protect against irinotecan induced leukopenia and oxidative stress response, British Journal of Pharmacology, published online.
Background and purpose: Irinotecan, a drug used in colorectal cancer therapy is metabolized by glucuronidation involving different UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)1A isoforms, which leads to facilitated elimination from the body. Individuals homozygous for the genetic variants UGT1A1*28 (Gilbert syndrome) and UGT1A7*3 are more susceptible to irinotecan drug side effects such as severe diarrhea and leukopenia. Aim of this study was to study the protective effects and active constituents of coffee during irinotecan therapy using humanized transgenic (htg)UGT1A-WT and htgUGT1A-SNP (carry UGT1A1*28 and UGT1A7*3 polymorphisms) mice.
Experimental approach: HtgUGT1A mice were pre-treated with coffee or caffeic acid (CA)+ caffeic acid phenylethyl ester (CAPE) and injected with irinotecan. The effects of coffee and CA+CAPE were investigated using reporter gene assays, immunoblot, TaqMan-PCR, siRNA analyses, blood counts.
Key results: Only the combination of the two coffee ingredients, CA and CAPE, mediates the protective effects of coffee in a model of irinotecan toxicity by activation of UGT1A genes. Coffee and CA+CAPE significantly increased UGT1A expression and activity as well as SN-38 glucuronide excretion in irinotecan injected htgUGT1A mice resulting in the significant improvement of leukopenia, intestinal oxidative stress and inflammation.
Conclusion and implications: In this study, we identify the compounds responsible for mediating the previously reported coffee-induced activation of UGT1A gene expression. CA and CAPE represent key factors of the protective properties of coffee capable of reducing irinotecan toxicity and exerting antioxidant and protective effects. Provided that CA+CAPE do not affect irinotecan efficacy, they might represent a potential novel strategy for the treatment of irinotecan toxicity.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.