November 9, 2020
E M Ribeiro et al, 2020. Safety of coffee consumption after myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease, published online.
Background and aims: This systematic review aims to evaluate the impact of coffee consumption in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI), in relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, as well as other major cardiovascular events (MACE) such as stroke, heart failure, recurrent MI and sudden death.
Methods and results: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science Core Collection, SciELO Citation Database, Current Contents Connect®, KCI Korean Journal Database, African Index Medicus, and LILACS were searched for longitudinal studies evaluating the impact of coffee consumption in patients with previous myocardial infarction. We performed a random-effects meta-analysis to estimate the pooled hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). The statistical heterogeneity was measured by I2. A dose-response analysis was also conducted. Six prospective cohort studies were included in the primary meta-analysis. Consumption of coffee was associated with lower risk of cardiovascular mortality (HR = 0.70; 95% CI 0.54-0.91, I2 = 0%; 2 studies) and was not associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality (HR = 0.85; 95% CI 0.63-1.13; I2 = 50%; 3 studies), recurrent MI (HR = 0.99; 95% CI 0.80-1.22; I2 = 0%; 3 studies), stroke (HR = 0.97; 95% CI 0.63-1.49; I2 = 39%; 2 studies) and MACE (HR = 0.96; 95% CI 0.86-1.07; I2 = 0%; 2 studies). A significant non-linear inverse dose-response association was found for coffee consumption and all-cause mortality.
Conclusions: Consumption of coffee was not associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with previous myocardial infarction.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.