April 23, 2019

Habitual coffee consumption and risk of falls in 2 European cohorts of older adults

M D Machado-Fragua et al, 2019. Habitual coffee consumption and risk of falls in 2 European cohorts of older adults, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, published online.


Background: Habitual coffee consumption has been associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and sarcopenia, which are strong risk factors of falls. In addition, caffeine intake stimulates attention and vigilance, and reduces reaction time. Therefore, a protective effect of coffee on the risk of falling can be hypothesized. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the association between habitual coffee consumption and the risk of ≥1 falls, injurious falls, and falls with fracture in older people. Methods: Data were taken from 2964 participants aged ≥60 y from the Seniors-ENRICA (Study on Nutrition and Cardiovascular Risk in Spain) cohort and 8999 participants aged ≥60 y from the UK Biobank cohort. In the Seniors-ENRICA study, habitual coffee consumption was assessed with a validated diet history in 2008– 2010, and falls were ascertained up to 2015. In the UK Biobank study, coffee was measured with 3–5 multiple-pass 24-h food records starting in 2006, and falls were assessed up to 2016. Results: A total of 793 individuals in Seniors-ENRICA and 199 in UK Biobank experienced ≥1 fall during follow-up. After multivariable adjustment for major lifestyle and dietary risk factors and compared with daily consumption of < 0.001). Decaffeinated coffee was not associated with risk of falling in the analyzed cohorts. In Seniors ENRICA, there was a tendency to lower risk of injurious falls among those consuming caffeinated coffee (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.68, 1.00 for 1 cup/d; HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.64, 1.09 for ≥2 cups/d; P-trend = 0.09). No association was observed between caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee consumption and risk of falls with fracture. Conclusions: Habitual coffee consumption was associated with lower risk of falling in older adults in Spain and the United Kingdom.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.