October 14, 2011

Caffeine enhances real-world language processing: evidence from a proofreading task

T T Brunye et al, Caffeine enhances real-world language processing: evidence from a proofreading task, Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2011, Article in Press.

This study investigated the effects of caffeine (0mg, 100mg, 200mg, 400mg) on a commonplace language task that required readers to identify and correct four error types in extended discourse: simple local error (misspelling 1-2 syllable words), complex local errors (misspelling 3-5 syllable words), simple global errors (incorrect homophones), and complex global errors (incorrect subject-verb agreement, and verb tense). Thirty-six Tufts University undergraduate students took part in the study. In two placebo-controlled, double blind studies using repeated measures design, these researchers found higher detection and repair rates for complex global errors, asymptoting at 200mg in low consumers and peaking at 400mg in high consumers. In both cases, covariate analyses demonstrated that arousal state mediated the relationship between caffeine consumption and the detection and repair of complex global errors. Detection and repair rates for the other three error types were not affected by caffeine consumption. ‘Taken together, we demonstrate that caffeine has differential effects on error detection and repair as a function of dose an error type, and this relationship is closely tied to caffeine’s effects on subjective arousal state. These results support the notion that central nervous system stimulants may enhance global processing of language-based materials, and suggest that such effects may originate in caffeine-related right hemisphere brain processes Implications for understanding the relationship between caffeine consumption and real world cognitive function are discussed’.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.