March 30, 2020
J Vera et al, 2020. Effects of caffeine consumption on intraocular pressure during low-intensity endurance exercise: a placebo-controlled, double-blind, balanced crossover study, Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, published online.
Importance: Intraocular pressure (IOP) is sensitive to caffeine intake and physical exercise. However, the combined effect of caffeine intake and physical exercise on IOP levels remains unknown. Background: We aimed to assess the effects of caffeine consumption before exercise on the IOP behavior during low-intensity endurance exercise. Design: A placebo-controlled, double-blind, balanced crossover study at the University of Granada.
Participants: 18 physically active young adults (age = 23.3 ± 2.4 years). Methods: Participants performed 30 minutes of cycling at 10% of maximal power production after 30 minutes of ingesting a capsule of caffeine (~4 mg/kg) and placebo in two different days and following a double-blind procedure.
Main outcome measure: IOP was measured at baseline (before caffeine/placebo ingestion), after 5 minutes of warm-up, during cycling (6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 minutes), and recovery (5 and 10 minutes) by rebound tonometry. Results: There was a significant effect of caffeine consumption (P < 0.001, η2 = 0.50), showing that the ingestion of caffeine before exercise counteracted the IOP-lowering response to low-intensity endurance exercise. Greater IOP values at 12, 18, 24 and 30 minutes (corrected P-values<0.05, ds = 0.90-1.08) of cycling were observed for the caffeine in comparison to the placebo condition.
Conclusions and relevance: The ingestion of caffeine (~4 mg/kg) 30 minutes before performing low-intensity endurance exercise counteracts the IOP-lowering effect of low-intensity exercise. These results highlight that the ingestion of a considerable amount of caffeine before exercise should be discouraged for individuals who would benefit from the IOP reduction associated with low-intensity exercise (i.e., glaucoma patients or those at risk).
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.