December 11, 2019

Derivation of a no significant risk level (NSRL) for acrylamide

B Wang et al, 2019. Derivation of a no significant risk level (NSRL) for acrylamide, Toxicology Letters, published online.


Acrylamide is included on the State of California’s Proposition 65 list as a carcinogen. Acrylamide is found in cigarette smoke and in many types of foods, including breads, cereals, coffee, cookies, French fries, and potato chips. In 1990, California’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) established a no significant risk level (NSRL) of 0.2 μg/day for acrylamide. Since then, multiple cancer studies have been published. In this report, we developed an updated NSRL for acrylamide. Using benchmark dose modeling and a weight-of-evidence, non-threshold approach to identify the most sensitive species, cancer slope factors (CSFs) were derived based on combined incidences of statistically significant neoplastic lesions in the Harderian gland, lung, and stomach in male mice. We then used a toxicokinetic (TK)-based scaling approach to convert the animal CSF to a human equivalent CSF, which served as the basis for the NSRL of 1.1 μg/day at the cancer risk level of 1 in 100,000. This NSRL can be used in quantitative exposure assessments to assess compliance with Proposition 65 to ascertain either the need for or exemption from the Proposition 65 labeling requirement and drinking water discharge prohibition.

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