November 21, 2018
J W Daily et al, 2018. High genetic scores of SLIT3, PLEKHA5 and PPP2R2C variants increased insulin resistance and interacted with coffee and caffeine consumption in middle-aged adults, Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease, published online.
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Insulin resistance is a common feature of metabolic syndrome that may be influenced by genetic risk factors. We hypothesized that genetic risk scores (GRS) of SNPs that influence insulin resistance and signaling interact with lifestyles to modulate insulin resistance in Korean adults.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of subjects aged 40-65 years who participated in the Ansung/Ansan cohorts (8842 adults) in Korea revealed 52 genetic variants that influence insulin resistance. The best gene-gene interaction model was explored using the generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) method. GRS from the best model were calculated and the GRS were divided into low, medium and high groups. The best model for representing insulin resistance included SLIT3_rs2974430, PLEKHA5_rs1077044, and PPP2R2C_rs16838853. The odds ratios for insulin resistance were increased by 150% in the High-GRS group compared to the Low-GRS group. However, ORs for insulin secretion capacity, measured by HOMA-B, were not associated with GRS. Coffee and caffeine intake and GRS had an interaction with insulin resistance: In subjects with high coffee (≥10 cups/week) or caffeine intake (≥220 mg caffeine/day), insulin resistance was significantly elevated in the High-GRS group, but not in the Low-GRS. However, alcohol intake, smoking and physical activity did not have an interaction with GRS. Insulin secretion capacity was not significantly influenced by GRS when evaluating the adjusted odds ratios.
CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with High-GRS may be susceptible to increased insulin resistance by 50% and its risk may be exacerbated by consuming more than 10 cups coffee/week or 220 mg caffeine/day.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.