December 6, 2019

Association between beverage intake and incidence of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms: beverages and GER symptoms

R S Mehta et al, 2019. Association between beverage intake and incidence of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms: beverages and GER symptoms, Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, published online.


BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients are frequently advised to eliminate coffee, tea, and/or soda to reduce symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux (GER), such as heartburn or regurgitation. However, there are no data from prospective studies to support these recommendations.

METHODS: We collected data from the prospective Nurses’ Health Study II from 48,308 women, 42-62 years old, who were free of regular GER symptoms, without cancer, and not taking proton pump inhibitors or H2 receptor agonists. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess associations between beverage intake and risk for GER symptoms.

RESULTS: During 262,641 person-years of follow up, we identified 7961 women who reported symptoms of GER once or more per week. After multivariable adjustment, hazard ratios (HRs) for women with the highest intake of each beverage (more than 6 servings/day) compared to women with the lowest intake (0 servings/day) were 1.34 for coffee (95% CI, 1.13-1.59; Ptrend<.0001), 1.26 for tea (95% CI, 1.03-1.55; Ptrend<.001), and 1.29 for soda (95% CI, 1.05-1.58; Ptrend<.0001). We obtained similar results when we stratified patients according to caffeine status. No association was observed between milk, water, or juice consumption and risk for GER symptoms. In a substitution analysis, replacement of 2 servings/day of coffee, tea, or soda with 2 servings of water was associated with reduced risk of GERD symptoms: coffee HR, 0.96 (95% CI, 0.92-1.00); tea HR, 0.96 (95% CI, 0.92-1.00); and soda HR, 0.92 (95% CI, 0.89- 0.96).

CONCLUSIONS: In an analysis of data from the prospective Nurses’ Health Study II, intake of coffee, tea, or soda was associated with an increased risk of GER symptoms. In contrast, consumption of water, juice, or milk were not associated with GER symptoms. Drinking water instead of coffee, tea, or soda reduced the risk of GER symptoms.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.