January 8, 2020

Trigonelline: an alkaloid with anti-degranulation properties

A D Nugrahini et al, 2019. Trigonelline: an alkaloid with anti-degranulation properties, Molecular Immunology, Volume 118.


Trigonelline, one of the alkaloids contained in coffee, is important not only as one of the constituents of aroma and flavor in coffee but also as a useful source of nutrition. Its anti-microbial, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-hyperglycemic effects have been investigated in previous studies. However, there have not been any studies examining the anti-degranulation effect of trigonelline. In this study, the anti-degranulation effect of trigonelline was evaluated in in vitro and in vivo models using a rat basophilic leukemia cell line, RBL-2H3 cells, and a passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) reaction in mice, respectively. In the β-hexosaminidase release assay, trigonelline effectively suppressed antigen-induced degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells in a dose-dependent manner without cytotoxicity. Trigonelline also inhibited FcεRI-mediated intracellular signaling pathways, such as phosphorylation of PLCγ1, PI3 K, and Akt, in antigen-stimulated RBL-2H3 cells and suppressed the PCA response in mice. Moreover, trigonelline also inhibited the microtubule formation in RBL-2H3 cells, indicating that trigonelline could inhibit IgE-sensitized mast cell degranulation by attenuating both the intracellular calcium-dependent and independent pathways. These results revealed that trigonelline possesses the anti-degranulation effect against the development of allergic diseases.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.