June 30, 2014
N Yamada‐Fowler et al, 2014, Caffeine interaction with glutamate receptor gene GRIN2A: Parkinson’s disease in Swedish population, PLOS One, published online ahead of print.
Human Study – Parkinson’s disease
ABSTRACT: A complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors is thought to be involved in the etiology of Parkinson’s disease (PD). A recent genome‐wide association and interaction study (GWAIS) identified GRIN2A, which encodes an NMDA‐glutamatereceptor subunit involved in brain’s excitatory neurotransmission, as a PD genetic modifier in inverse association with caffeine intake. Here in, we attempted to replicate the reported association of a single nucleotide polymorphism, GRIN2A_rs4998386, and its interaction with caffeine intake with PD in patient‐control study in an ethnically homogenous population in south eastern Sweden, as consistent and independent genetic association studies are the gold standard for the validation of genome‐wide association studies. All the subjects (193 sporadic PD patients and 377 controls) were genotyped, and the caffeine intake data was obtained by questionnaire. We observed an association between rs4998386 and PD with odds ratio (OR) of 0.61, 95% confidence intervals (CI) of 0.39‐0.96, p = 0.03, under a model excluding rare TT allele. There was also a strong significance in joint effects of gene and caffeine on PD risk (TC heavy caffeine vs. CC light caffeine: OR = 0.38, 95%CI = [0.20‐ 0.70], p = 0.002) and gene‐caffeine interaction (OR = 0.998, 95%CI = [0.991‐0.999], p<0.001). Overall, our results are in support of the findings of the GWAIS and provided additional evidence indicating PD protective effects of coffee drinking/caffeine intake as well as the interaction with glutamate receptor genotypes.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.