October 17, 2022

Relevance of dietary exposure to acrylamide formed in heat-processed agri-food products

D Nica-Badea, 2022. Relevance of dietary exposure to acrylamide formed in heat-processed agri-food products, Central European Journal of Public Health, Volume 30 (3).

Objectives: Acrylamide (AA) is considered one of the contaminants that occur in heat-processed agri-food products, which through diet can increase the risk of developing cancer for consumers of all age groups.

Methods: This review analysed the level of acrylamide of the most important heat-processed agri-food products that contribute to the dietary exposure of the population of different European countries and the assessment of health risks related to the presence of AA in food.

Results: The results of monitoring AA concentrations in agri-food products, reported individually by researchers or projects such as CONTAM in 2015 and the UK Food Standard Agency in 2017, show that some products exceeding the recently set European reference level are reported as such for specific values – mean UB/RLs in µ French fries (550/500), coffee dry (523/400), coffee substitutes (1,499/500, 400), processed cereal-based baby foods (76/40), potato crisps and snacks (2,214/750), breakfast cereals (744/300), biscuits and crackers (637/350, 400), and coffee substitutes (1,897/500). Average values (µg/kg body weight per day) of exposure to AA from food for different age groups (EFSA) are estimated at 0.4-1.9, but in different European countries, as reported by several studies (including Romania), are between 1.4 and 3.4.

Conclusion: Starting from the genotoxic and carcinogenic potential of acrylamide, it is important to regularly monitor the presence of acrylamide and its levels in food and to investigate the food pattern of the population to detect the share of foods at risk of exposure.

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