January 10, 2014

Association between caffeine intake and the plasma proteome in humans

O Tian et al, 2013, Association between caffeine intake and the plasma proteome in humans, Journal of Caffeine Research, Volume 3 (4).

Background: Caffeine intake has been associated with both an increased and decreased risk of various health conditions. However, many of the physiological pathways affected remain unclear. CYP1A2 is the major enzyme that metabolizes caffeine, and a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs762551) affects the rate of caffeine metabolism.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between caffeine intake and the plasma proteome, and whether CYP1A2 genotype modifies any association.

Methods: Subjects (n=1,095) aged 20–29 years from the Toronto Nutrigenomics and Health Study completed a 196-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and provided a fasting blood sample from which DNA and plasma were obtained for genotyping and proteomics analysis. Fifty-four proteins were measured by mass spectrometry multiple reaction monitoring (MS-MRM). Subjects were categorized into three groups according to habitual caffeine intake (<100 mg/d, 100–200 mg/d, and >200 mg/d) and stratified by CYP1A2 genotype.

Results: Among carriers of the C allele (slow metabolizers), plasma concentrations of gelsolin isoform 1 were significantly (p<0.005) lower among those in the highest category of caffeine intake compared to those with the lowest level of intake. No differences in protein concentration were observed for AA homozygotes (fast metabolizers).

Conclusion: These findings show that caffeine intake is associated with lower gelsolin levels only among slow caffeine metabolizers, and suggest that gelsolin might mediate some of the biological effects of caffeine.


Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.