September 22, 2016
P Elliott Miller et al, 2016, Association between coffee, tea, and caffeine intake with coronary artery calcification and cardiovascular events, The American Journal of Medicine, Accepted Manuscript.
Background: Coffee and tea are two of the most commonly consumed beverages in the world. The association of coffee and tea intake with coronary artery calcium and major adverse cardiovascular events remains uncertain.
Methods: We examined 6,508 ethnically-diverse participants with available coffee and tea data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Intake for each was classified as never, occasional (<1 cup/day), and regular (≥1 cup/day). A coronary artery calcium progression ratio was derived from mixed effect regression models using loge(calcium score+1) as the outcome with coefficients exponentiated to reflect coronary artery calcium progression ratio vs. the reference. Cox proportional hazards analyses were used to evaluate the association between beverage intake and incident cardiovascular events.
Results: Over a median follow-up of 5.3 years for coronary artery calcium and 11.1 years for cardiovascular events, participants who regularly drank tea (≥1 cup/day) had a slower progression of coronary artery calcium compared with never drinkers after multivariable adjustment. This correlated with a statistically significant lower incidence of cardiovascular events for ≥1 cup/day tea drinkers (adjusted HR 0.71; 95% CI 0.53-0.95). Compared to never coffee drinkers, regular coffee intake (≥1 cup/day) was not statistically associated with coronary artery calcium progression or cardiovascular events (adjusted HR 0.97 [0.78, 1.20]). Caffeine intake was marginally inversely associated with coronary artery calcium progression.
Conclusions: Moderate tea drinkers had slower progression of coronary artery calcium and reduced risk for cardiovascular events. Future research is needed to understand the potentially protective nature of moderate tea intake.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.