August 22, 2018
C L Chen et al, 2018, Association of coffee consumption and liver fibrosis progression in patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B: A 5-year population-based cohort study, J Formos Med Assoc, published online.
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although coffee consumption has been associated with decreased risk of liver fibrosis progression, cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with HCV infection or fatty liver diseases, its effect on hepatitis B patients remains unclear. We aimed to examine the effect of coffee consumption on liver fibrosis progression and cirrhosis-related complications in patients with chronic HBV infection.
METHODS: Coffee consumption was assessed in 2604 participants who were previously recruited from a population-based GERD survey. The primary endpoints of this study were the impact of coffee consumption on the development of cirrhosis-related complications, including liver cirrhosis, esophageal varices, or hepatocellular carcinoma at the end of 5-year follow-up. The secondary endpoints were the declines of serum predicting indices of liver fibrosis (AST/ALT, APRI, FIB-4, Hui score) or liver function tests (AST, ALT).
RESULTS: 328 patients with chronic HBV infection were enrolled into this study. At baseline, coffee consumption was associated with higher education level, more frequent tobacco use and normal blood pressure (p < 0.05 for all). Patients with higher coffee consumption had a significant lower serum AST, APRI and FIB-4 index value than non-coffee drinkers [adjusted HR 0.30, 95% CI(0.11-0.82) for AST; 0.30, 95% CI (0.11-0.84) for APRI; 0.30, 95% CI (0.13-0.69) for FIB-4]. However, higher coffee consumption didn’t change serum AST levels, APRI, FIB-4 index values or incidences of cirrhosis-related complications at the end of 5-year follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Coffee consumption was not associated with fibrosis progression or HCC risk in chronic hepatitis B patients over the 5-year observation period.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.