June 25, 2013

Inhibition of parathyroid hormone secretion by caffeine in human parathyroid cells

M Lu et al, 2013, Inhibition of parathyroid hormone secretion by caffeine in human parathyroid cells, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology, published online ahead of print. 

Context and Objective: Caffeine is a highly consumed psychoactive substance present in our daily drinks. Independent studies have reported associations between caffeine consumption, low bone mineral density and urinary calcium loss, as well as impaired bone development in vitro and in vivo. Calcium (Ca2+), vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) are critical regulators of bone remodeling. A possible association between caffeine and parathyroid gland function has been suggested in the literature. Design, Setting and Patients: Effects of caffeine on PTH secretion, and Ca2+ levels were determined by batch incubation and Fura-2, respectively, in pathological parathyroid cells. Protein expressions were studied by Western blot and immunohistochemistry in normal and parathyroid adenoma tissues. Alterations in gene expressions of adenosine receptor A1 (ADORA1) and A2 (ADORA2A) and PTH were quantified by PCR, intracellular cAMP levels and protein kinase A (PKA) activity were analyzed by an antibody-based assay. Results: We studied physiological concentrations of caffeine ranging from 1 to 50_M, and found that 50µM caffeine caused a significant decrease of PTH secretion and PTH gene expression. This decrease occurred in parallel with a decrease of the intracellular cAMP level, PKA activity andADORA1 gene expression, indicating a possible causal relationship. The intracellular level of Ca2+ was unaffected even by high concentrations of caffeine. Protein expressions demonstrated two main targets for caffeine – ADORA1 and ADORA2A. Conclusion: A physiological high dose of caffeine inhibits PTH secretion in human parathyroid cells possibly due to a decrease of the intracellular level of cAMP. The observation demonstrates a functional link between caffeine and parathyroid cell function.

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.