November 19, 2018

Coffee and pancreatic cancer risk among never-smokers in the UK prospective Million Women Study

C D Zhou et al, 2018. Coffee and pancreatic cancer risk among never-smokers in the UK prospective Million Women Study, International Journal of Cancer, published online.

Reported associations between coffee consumption and an increased risk of pancreatic cancer could be due to residual confounding by smoking and/or biased recall of coffee consumption in retrospective studies. Studying associations prospectively in never smokers should minimise these problems, but thus far such studies have included relatively small numbers of cases. In this study, 309,797 never‐smoking women self‐reported typical daily coffee consumption at a mean age of 59.5 years (SD 5.0 years) and were followed up for a median of 13.7 years (IQR: 12.2‐14.9) through record linkage to national health cancer and death registries. During this period, 962 incident cases of pancreatic cancers were registered. Cox regression was used to calculate adjusted relative risks [RRs] of incident pancreatic cancer with 95% confidence intervals [CIs] in relation to coffee consumption at baseline. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, including body mass index and alcohol consumption, RRs of pancreatic cancer in never‐smokers who reported usually consuming 1‐2, 3‐4, and ≥5 cups of coffee daily, compared to non‐drinkers of coffee, were 1.02 (CI 0.83–1.26), 0.96 (0.76–1.22), and 0.87 (0.64–1.18), respectively (trend p=0.2). A meta‐analysis of results from this cohort and 3 smaller prospective studies found little or no statistically significant association between coffee consumption and pancreatic cancer risk in never smokers (summary RR=1.00, CI 0.86‐1.17 for ≥2 versus zero cups of coffee per day).

Modtag nyhedsbrev

Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.