July 4, 2022
X Bai et al, 2022. Caffeic Acid, an Active Ingredient in Coffee, Combines with DOX for Multitarget Combination Therapy of Lung Cancer, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Adjuvant diet therapy is an important means of comprehensive treatment of cancer. It is recognized by patients for its high safety, painlessness, and ease to operate. However, the development of adjuvant dietary therapy is limited by unclear targets and unclear anticancer mechanisms. In this work, caffeic acid was found as an inhibitor of TMEM16A with an IC50 of 29.47 ± 3.19 μM by fluorescence quenching and whole-cell patch-clamp experiments. Caffeic acid regulated the proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of lung cancer cells targeting TMEM16A, which was detected by CCK-8, colony formation, wound healing, and Annexin V assays. In addition, molecular docking combined with site-directed mutagenesis confirmed that the binding sites of caffeic acid to TMEM16A were D439, E448, and R753. Western blot results indicated that caffeic acid regulated the growth of lung cancer through the MAPK pathway. In vitro experiments showed that the inhibitory effect of caffeic acid combined with hydroxydaunorubicin (DOX) on lung cancer cell growth was better than a double concentration of any single dose. In vivo pharmacokinetic experiments and tumor xenograft experiments indicated that the combination of 5.4 mg/kg caffeic acid and 4.1 mg/kg DOX achieved 85.6% tumor suppression rate and offset the side effects. Therefore, caffeic acid is a safe and efficient antitumor active ingredient of food that can enhance the antitumor effect of DOX.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.