June 19, 2020
M Morvaridi et al, 2020. The effect of green coffee extract supplementation on cardio metabolic risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, Voulme 19 (1).
Purpose: Considering the present controversies on the association between green coffee supplementation and cardio metabolic risk factors, this systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effect of green coffee supplementation on cardio metabolic risk factors.
Method: A systematic literature search was performed throughout the PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science databases up to October 2019. As a result, all randomized controlled trials over the effect of green coffee supplementation on fasting blood sugar (FBS), insulin, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), C – reactive protein (CRP), and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in adults were examined. Data were extracted from the relevant studies and analyzed using the random-effect or pooled model and standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI).
Results: After excluding the irrelevant articles, 27 studies were included in the final analysis. Pooled results revealed that green coffee supplementation significantly reduced FBS (WMD = -2.28, 95% CI: -4.49 to -0.07, P = 0.043), insulin (WMD = -0.53, 95% CI: -0.93 to -0.14, P = 0.008), and triglyceride (WMD = -9.28, 95% CI: -14.93 to – 3.63, P = 0.001). Furthermore, green coffee supplementation increased the HDL levels (WMD = 1.33, 95% CI: 0.08 to 2.58, P = 0.037). However, the changes in HOMA-IR, LDL, and CRP levels were not significant (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicated that green coffee supplementation significantly decreased FBS, insulin, and triglyceride, but improved HDL. No statistically significant improvement was found in HOMA-IR, LDL, and CRP indices following the green coffee supplementation.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.