February 17, 2020

Bioactivity of food melanoidins is mediated by gut microbiota

S Perez-Burillo et al, 2020. Bioactivity of food melanoidins is mediated by gut microbiota, Food Chemistry, published online.


Melanoidins are an important component of the human diet (average consumption 10 g/day), which escape gastrointestinal digestion and are fermented by the gut microbiota. In this study melanoidins from different food sources (coffee, bread, beer, balsamic vinegar, sweet wine, biscuit, chocolate, and breakfast cereals) were submitted to an in vitro digestion and fermentation process, and their bioactivity was assessed. Some melanoidins were extensively used by gut microbes, increasing production of short chain fatty acids (mainly acetate and lactate) and favoring growth of the beneficial genera Bifidobacterium (bread crust, pilsner and black beers, chocolate and sweet wine melanoidins) and Faecalibacterium (biscuit melanoidins). Quantification of individual phenolic compounds after in vitro fermentation allowed their identification as microbial metabolites or phenolics released from the melanoidins backbone (specially pyrogallol, 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)acetic and 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)propionic acids). Our results also showed that antioxidant capacity of melanoidins is affected by gut microbiota fermentation.

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