March 27, 2019
M Ciecierska et al, 2019. Effect of mild roasting on Arabica and Robusta coffee beans combination with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Journal of Food Science and Technology, Volume 56 (2).
The aim of this research was to establish the effect of mild roasting on coffee beans contamination level by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The materials investigated were green Arabica and Robusta coffee beans imported from different countries, as well as those already roasted. The experiment was carried out in a coffee-roasting plant, with the use of an electric coffee roaster, at the temperature of 125–135 C for 25–26 min. PAHs analysis was conducted by means of high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence and diode array detectors (HPLC-FLD/DAD). Results had been verified by means of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry. Contamination level for 19 PAHs, 15 of which were heavy PAHs included on the list of European Union Scientific Committee in Food, varied from 4.29 to 16.17 lg/kg in roasted coffee beans, whereas in green coffee beans varied from 8.66 to 76.63 lg/kg. The results of statistical analysis showed that the contamination level in roasted coffee beans was significantly lower than that in green beans. The applied parameters of roasting did not lead to the occurrence of conditions in which PAHs, especially heavy ones, would possibly be formed. On the contrary, the roasting process itself had significantly reduced the PAHs content in the final product. The reason for this phenomenon was relatively high volatility of light PAHs.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.