March 18, 2015
N Khalaf et al, 2015, Coffee and caffeine are associated with decreased risk of advanced hepatic fibrosis among patients with hepatitis C, Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology, published online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Coffee or caffeine has been proposed to protect against hepatic fibrosis has, but few data are available on their effects in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.
METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of veterans with chronic HCV infection to evaluate the association between daily intake of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee, tea, and soda and level of hepatic fibrosis, based on the FibroSURE test (F0-F3=mild, [controls] vs F3/F4-F4=advanced). Models were adjusted for multiple potential confounders including age, alcohol abuse, and obesity.
RESULTS: Among 910 patients with chronic HCV infection, 98% were male and 38% had advanced hepatic fibrosis. Daily intake of caffeinated coffee was higher among controls than patients with advanced fibrosis (1.37 vs 1.05 cups/day, P=.038). In contrast, daily intake of caffeinated tea (0.61 vs 0.56 cups/day, P=.651) or soda (1.14 vs 0.95 cans per day, P=.106) did not differ between the groups. A higher percentage of controls (66.0%) than patients with advanced fibrosis (57.9%) consumed ≥100 mg of caffeine daily from all sources (P=.014); controls also received a larger proportion of their caffeine from coffee (50.2% vs 43.0%, P=.035). Hepatoprotective effects of an average daily intake of ≥100 mg of caffeine (adjusted odds ratio=0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.53-0.95; P=.020) and ≥1 cup of caffeinated tea by non-coffee drinkers (adjusted odds ratio=0.56; 95% confidence interval, 0.34-0.94; P=.028) persisted after adjustment for confounders, including insulin resistance.
CONCLUSIONS: Modest daily caffeine intake (as little as 100 mg) may protect against advanced hepatic fibrosis in men with chronic HCV infection. Additional research is needed to confirm these findings in women and in people with other chronic liver diseases.
Ja tak, jeg vil gerne modtage nyhedsbrev, når der er noget nyt om kaffe og helbred.